Menstrual disorders include problems like heavy or irregular periods, excessive menstrual pain, and bleeding between periods. Treatment plans support the cause and severity of the condition, the patient’s medical record, suitability of the treatment to the patient’s lifestyle, and if the patient plans to possess children in the future.
Endometriosis may be a progressive condition during which the endometrial tissue (tissue that lines the within of the uterus) starts growing outside the uterus. Endometriosis is usually painful and may also cause fertility problems. Treatments for endometriosis include removing the abnormal tissue through laparoscopy and hormone-based medications to regulate the expansion of the tissue.
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) may be a common hormonal condition that happens among women of reproductive age. during this condition, the ovaries produce excess androgens (male sex hormones) and may also develop several small cysts. it's often characterized by irregular periods, excess facial and hair, acne, male-pattern baldness, and difficulty in conception. PCOD is usually treated through medication and lifestyle changes.
Uterine fibroids are noncancerous growths that develop on the uterus' muscular wall. They vary in size and sometimes cause pelvic pain, heavy periods, fertility problems, and pregnancy complications like preterm birthing. Uterine fibroids are generally removed through minimally invasive surgeries and hysteroscopy procedures.
While many ovarian cysts are harmless, large cysts can cause severe pelvic pain, bloating, and fertility issues. Ruptured ovarian cysts also can cause severe health complications and need immediate medical intervention. This condition is usually treated supported the dimensions and number of cysts with either one or a mixture of medication and minimally invasive surgical procedures.
Pelvic floor disorders
Pelvic floor disorders affect a woman’s ability to urinate or have a movement thanks to weakened pelvic floor muscles. Pregnancy and childbirth are two of the foremost common causes of this disorder among women. it's treated with either one or a mixture of lifestyle changes, pelvic floor exercises, hormone treatment, vaginal pessaries (a device wont to support uterine prolapse), and surgery.
Sexually transmitted diseases
Sexually transmitted diseases or sexually transmitted infections are often skilled unsafe sexual activity or from mother to child during pregnancy or childbirth. These include infections like gonorrhea, chlamydia, herpes genitalis, and human papillomavirus (HPV). While most of those diseases are often prevented by practicing safe intercourse with precautions.
Menopause may be a phenomenon defined because of the end of the cycle. it's diagnosed after 12 months of absent periods. Women can experience a variety of unpleasant symptoms leading up to menopause or perimenopause, including hot flashes, chills, sleep disturbances, and hair loss. Hormone treatment, vaginal oestrogen, and other drugs, as well as lifestyle adjustments, are used to control these physical, mental, and behavioral changes.
Gynaecological cancers ask for a gaggle of cancers that will occur within the female genital system. These are cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, vaginal cancer, vulval cancer, and uterine cancer. Treatment protocols for gynaecological cancer depend upon the stage and sort of cancer. Fertility preservation procedures like egg & embryo freezing are recommended before starting treatment if the patient intends to possess children later.
Adolescent gynaecological problems
Gynaecological problems during adolescence are fairly common and may have physical and psychological effects on young women and teenagers. Common adolescent gynaecological problems include vaginal disorders, vulval injury, menstrual problems, sexual development disorders, abnormal skin changes, and abnormal discharge. Comprehensive age-appropriate care and treatment alternatives are offered to support the condition and its impacts to make sure a secure and healthy transition to adulthood.