Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is found in millions of people worldwide and is affecting daily comfortable lives globally. It occurs when the median nerve, which runs through a narrow passageway called the carpal tunnel in the wrist, becomes compressed or irritated. The actual cause of CTS is generally unknown, although various factors, including repetitive hand motions, genetic susceptibility, hormonal changes, underlying health disorders such as diabetes or arthritis, and wrist injuries, all contribute to its development. Surgery is the best option in severe CTS cases to alleviate symptoms and restore normal hand function.
Carpal tunnel syndrome – symptoms:
The causes and effects of carpal tunnel syndrome vary from person to person. It can be associated with repetitive hand and wrist movements, such as typing, using a computer mouse, or repetitive tasks in occupations like assembly line work. Various factors that led to the development of CTS are Wrist injuries, hormonal changes during pregnancy, certain medical diseases such as diabetes and arthritis, and genetic predisposition.
Some people may also feel hand weakness, making it uneasy to work requiring fine motor skills. It can cause long-term nerve damage and functional disability if not treated properly.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Treatment in India
Carpal tunnel syndrome therapy is dependent on the degree of symptoms. In mild cases, conservative approaches such as rest, splinting the wrist, and making ergonomic adjustments to workstations may be sufficient. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can help with pain and inflammation, and if symptoms still persist or worsen, a doctor may recommend other drugs like corticosteroid injections or, in serious situations, surgery can recommended to relieve pressure on the median nerve.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Surgery in India
When conservative treatments such as wrist splints, medication, and physical therapy fail to provide relief, specialist can recommend a Carpal Tunnel Syndrome surgery. Carpal Tunnel Release (CTR) is the most common surgical procedure to treat CTS. The objective of CTR is to relieve pressure on the median nerve by cutting the transverse carpal ligament, enlarging the carpal tunnel space, and reducing inflammation.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome surgery types
Several types of surgical procedures to treat CTS when conservative treatments have not provided sufficient relief. The specific type of surgery recommended may depend on factors such as the severity of symptoms, underlying anatomical considerations, and individual patient factors. Here are some common types of carpal tunnel syndrome surgery:
- Open Carpal Tunnel Release: This is the traditional surgical procedure for CTS. It involves making an incision in the palm, typically about 2 inches long. The surgeon then cuts the transverse carpal ligament, which releases pressure on the median nerve, relieving the symptoms. The incision is closed with stitches, and the hand may bandage.
- Endoscopic Carpal Tunnel Release: This is a minimally invasive procedure that utilizes a small endoscope, a thin tube with a camera on the end. The surgeon makes one or two small incisions in the wrist or palm and inserts the endoscope to visualize the carpal tunnel. Guided by the camera, the transverse carpal ligament is then cut using special surgical instruments. Compared to open release, endoscopic surgery may have a shorter recovery time and smaller scars.
- Mini-Open Carpal Tunnel Release: This procedure combines aspects of both open and endoscopic techniques. It involves a smaller incision than traditional open release, usually about 1 inch long, and the use of an endoscope to visualize the carpal tunnel. The surgeon then cuts the transverse carpal ligament to relieve pressure on the median nerve.
- Keyhole Carpal Tunnel Release: This is another minimally invasive procedure that involves making a small incision in the wrist, typically less than half an inch long. A special instrument called a carpal tunnel dilator is then inserted through the incision to create a small tunnel. The surgeon uses this tunnel to visualize and cut the transverse carpal ligament. Keyhole release may result in less pain, scarring, and a quicker recovery compared to traditional open surgery.
Any person’s quality lives can be affected by Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, but surgical treatment is available that can bring much-needed relief. If you are experiencing persistent symptoms of CTS and conservative treatments have been ineffective, it is crucial to consult a carpal tunnel specialist in Delhi. They can evaluate your condition, discuss the appropriate surgical options, provide personalized advice based on your specific situation, and help to manage the conditions effectively.
Remember, seeking professional medical advice is the first step in recovering comfort and mobility in your everyday life. For an accurate diagnosis and treatment options for carpal tunnel syndrome, one can consult the carpal tunnel syndrome specialist in Delhi at Taca Center for Surgery.